Kazan State Medical University
Kazan State Medical University is a multi-functional and multileveled state institution of higher learning in medicine. It meets both personal and social needs in acquiring education in medicine, in developing bio-medical and clinical sciences, as well as broadening scientific knowledge of medical science.
Kazan State Medical University (KSMU) functions on the basis of self-governance and belongs to the system of higher education and scientific research of the Ministry of Health Care and Social Development of Russian Federation . The highest body of KSMU self-governance is Academic Council which works in accordance with university’s regulations. Founded in 1814, KSMU was the second university institution to be founded in Kazan, the third medical university institution in the Russia.
Under the auspices of KSMU there is a pharmaceutical and two medical colleges in Kazan, one medical college in Mary El Republic. This complex educational system in the framework of the university provides the continuous higher education of medicine. KSMU carries on an aimed preparation of experts in different fields of medicine for 10 Republics, Povolzhie and Ural regions.
University is proud of its graduates, being the alma mater of 3 academicians and 4 associate members of Russian academy of sciences, 19 academicians and 13 associate members Russian academy of medical sciences, 5 academicians and 10 associate members Tatarstan academy of sciences.
The faculty of general medicine is one of the oldest and largest faculties of medicine in Russia. It was founded in May of 1814. The period of studies – 6 years.
The faculty prepares experts to perform medical treatment
In the first two years the students study general biological courses. The third year is devoted to pre-clinical preparation. Its main purpose is to give knowledge in general and particular pathology, semiotics, diagnostics and general principles of medical treatment of human illnesses. The last three years students learn the main clinical disciplines, the sufficient knowledge of which allows them to get the primary specialization in the field of therapy, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology.
SCIENTIFIC AND CLINICAL WORK
Kazan state medical university is well-known in the country and abroad for its research work in the fundamental and clinical subjects.
The basic branches of the departments of pediatric faculty are the investigations of the age peculiarities of pathology and normal state of child. They work out the problems of adaptive possibilities of children, immunological reactivity in acute and chronic inflammatory diseases, diagnosis and endotoxicosis treatment in childhood and micro ecology of child.
The departments of therapy perform scientific research work in the fields of prophylactics and effective treatment of cardiovascular diseases. The priority trends are the investigations of the pathogenesis membrane mechanisms of hypertension, atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction and rheumatoid arthritis.
Surgical departments are the leaders of Russian medicine in the field of laser surgery and endosurgery. Regional center of cardiovascular surgery is formed in one of the departments of the university.
The faculty of preventive medicine deals with the problems of ecology, environmental pollution in oil-fields of the Tatarstan Republic. They created the program of training doctor-ecologist for all medical institutions of Russia. The dental school of the university is well-known for developing new constructions of dentures, implants, orthopedic materials with forms ‘memory.’
The University has it`s own out-patient Center where everyone can get high-qualified medical examination and treatment. In 2003 in Kazan State Medical University was organized Stem Cells Bank (gov.license no. 99-01-001961).
Postgraduate and continuing education
The faculty of Postgraduate education was founded in 1994. The following types of graduate studies are being held:
- Advanced primary specialization of the alumnus – medical internship
- Professional postgraduate training of the experts – clinical residency
- Thematic and general advanced courses for doctors and pharmaceutics.
The advanced training of doctors is based on the four courses: doctors of general practice (family medicine), pediatric surgery, pharmacy, medical ecology and sanitary-epidemiological control. The training is performed in cycles of thematic advanced education, general training and specialization which lasts from one week to three months.
Academic research work of the university covers a wide range of areas in clinical elaboration on the problems of physiology and pathology of the cardiovascular system, diagnostics and treatment of malignant neoplasm, age peculiarities of child’s organism in the normal state and pathological, solving of the modern problems of dental diseases, problems in diagnostics and prophylactic of infectious diseases, development of the scientific care of women’s illnesses, mothers, fetus and newborn, hygiene of labor, and the basics of pharmacy.
Traditionally the most strongly developed scientific areas at the university are the fundamental developments. The scientific groups of neurophysiological laboratories of the departments of physiology, medical physics and histology work on the highest European level. During the last year we’ve got priority data of mechanism of release of the mediator in the neuromuscular synapse, its interaction with postsynaptic membrane, peculiarities of neuron structure and functioning.
The department of biochemistry created and proved the theory of continued blood coagulation and worked out technology of getting human blood preparations for clinical tests.
The department of pharmacology with chemical laboratories elaborated and approbated medicine from phosphororganic compounds. Now they are investigating pharmacological characteristics of some antiblastomic preparations.
From 2006 the clinical departments of the university began trials of discharge, storage and use of stem cells in the treatment of liver, diseases and dysfunction of peripheral circulation of lower extremities. The findings of these trials can be used as new approaches in the treatment of chronic liver diseases, hematology, acute and chronic cardio-vascular pathology, auto-immune diseases, including multiple sclerosis and oncology.
Members of the staff participate in the development of six international programs. For the last five years more than 200 reports were presented at the international conferences, symposiums and conferences.
There are three scientific councils, which supervise the process of defending the thesis in 9 specializations: internal diseases, cardiology, hygiene, pediatrics, pathological physiology, normal physiology, dentistry, pharmaceutics and organization of healthcare. Student scientific society works regularly and is quite active. Especially for the distinguished students special scholarships named after remarkable scientists of the Kazan medical school are being given.